The Legacy off Gods and Goddesses - What we know (so farů)
Gods and Goddesses appear in the collective memory of all of earth's cultures. These have been passed down the ages for thousands of generations, later to be twisted and changed to suit the agendas of political and religious rulers of each era. Trying to make sense of it all is quite a challenge, as one has to delve through a multitude of religions, mythical stories and interpretations.
A difficult task, but the combination of similarities, common themes, and hard archeological evidence does point the seeker to some milestones in man's distant past, regardless of his or her current point of departure. One can enter the maize from a religious portal, a historical portal, a mythical portal, etc, but regardless of where one starts, we all end up with the same basic story. Regardless of modern evolutionary scientific thought and zealous church fathers, all roads lead away from Rome eventually.
The ancient Egyptian texts speak of the Tep Zepi, the "First Time". According to temple inscriptions this was millions of years before the 1st Egyptian Dynasty. This Golden Age was lost because of a tremendous catastrophe, "that day of slaying the Oldest Ones", "that day when the rivals fought", "that day of the storm over the Two Lands", "that night of making war and that day of destroying the enemies of the Lord of All".
Hebrew legend tells us that God separated light from darkness and separated the waters of the Earth from the waters of Heaven. Sumerian texts describe how Enlil separated Heaven and Earth etc. etc. After this catastrophe harmony was no more. The Egyptians say that after the Earth and the Sky was separated by the Gods, the Gods ascended to the Sky. The Sumerians say that the Gods of the Earth (also read Underworld) were separated from the Gods of the Sky (also read mountains). The Bible says that man was ousted from Eden (loosing his direct connection with God). This separation and fall from grace of some of the Gods are described by most of the old cultures.
The Egyptians say that Osiris, born in heaven, split open the earth when he descended in fire. The Mesopotamians say that Nergel (God of the Underworld) was originally a god of Heaven who descended the staircase to the Underworld. The Sumerians tell of Enki (Lord of the Earth, The Wise, Serpent Lord) descending from the Mountain House to the AB.ZU (Netherworld). The Hebrews describe the angel Satan cast out of heaven to the earth (to eventually become the modern popular mythical figure of the Devil).
It seems that there were people around on earth (or in the underworld) at the time. According to Hebrew texts the Sons-of God found the daughters-of- men attractive, had sex with them and produced the Nephelim. The Nephelim where thus half God and half human. They were giant in stature and some caused the bellies of their earthly mothers to split open at birth. The Book of Giants of the Dead Sea Scrolls states that the Nephelim where giants and even had wings. In Greek mythology Uranus's descend caused Mother Earth to bear the Titans (giants). One Titan called Eros (later to become Cupid in Roman lore) is described as having four heads, sprouting golden wings, and setting fire with his awesome arrows. The Sumerians agree. They speak of the Watchers (Nephelim) as being cross- breeds between humans and Gods. The Nephelim is described as giants, the "Shiny Ones" and they even suggest practices of vampirism.
So now we know who the Gods were at this stage in history, but who were the humans that were so attractive to the Gods. Neanderthal Man was around until 30000 BC, but have no genetical relation to modern man. Australopithecus afarensis was around also but they have not achieved much in terms of evolutionary advancement either, although they share genetic commonalties with modern man. Cro-Magnon Man suddenly enters the scene at 35000 BC (still confounding evolutionist scientists looking for the missing link), and is most probably the result of the mating of the Gods and the human "black haired ones". Sumerian records state that this pre-flood Anannage civilization lasted for roughly 30000 years and the newly found human population increased rapidly, which brings us to somewhere between 5000 and 4000 BC (the time of the flood).
At this stage the earth sounds like an unpleasant place to be, so the Gods decided to clean up the mess that they created. According to Hebrew legend Yahweh decides on a great flood to rid the earth of its abominations. However he spares humanity by instructing Noah to build an Ark to preserve humans and animals. The Sumerians say that the council of the Anannage (Gods) decided on a great flood to rid the earth of the humans. An Akkadian text tells us that the humans had multiplied beyond control and became too noisy for Enlil's (Lord of the Sky) liking. However his brother Enki, who has always had a soft spot for the humans, warned Ut-napishtim (Ziasudra) of the deluge and told him to build a ship to ensure the survival of the "seed of mankind". Although Enlil was angered by the survival of the humans, he nevertheless granted Ut-napishtim eternal life to live as a God.
The Egyptians talk of a catastrophe that ended the reign of the true gods after which Kingship was passed down to humans, the Pharaohs, who then desperately tried to emulate the departed Gods. The Sumerians say that the Gods ruled at a city called Shurrupak until the great flood, after which Kingship was "lowered from Heaven", assumingly meaning onto non-gods.
The Sumerian City State Kingdoms appeared at around 4000 BC after Kingship was "lowered from heaven" and the 5th Sumerian King of Uruk was Gilgamesh (2700 BC). He is described as 2/3rd God and 1/3rd human. He is also described as a giant so it does appear that some of the original Nephelim (or Nephelim blood) did survive the flood. Humans were created anew from the "seeds of mankind" preserved by Ut-napishtim and one has to assume that this is the time of Eden and the creation of Adam as described by the Hebrew, Akkadian and Sumerian texts. Hebrew texts ascribe this second creation of man as the work of Yahweh, but Sumerian and Akkadian texts are clear that it was the work of the Anunnage (specifically Anu, Enki, Enlil and Nin-khursag, the Lady of Life). This obviously means that the Anunnage Gods were still around at 4000 BC. In fact, they had to work so hard to re-fashion a world destroyed by the flood that they created the Adamah to lessen their workload.
Another common theme was the effort of most cultures to rebuild the link between the Gods and men, or Heavenly Gods and Earthly Gods. The Sumerian God Marduk (son of Enki and Goddess Damkina) build a temple called E-sag-ila where all the Gods could meet in an effort to reunite the Heavenly and Earthly Gods. Gilgamesh tried to ascend to heaven and find the answer to eternal life via descending to the Underworld (Apsu). He did not quite make it (being partly human) but did manage to reach Ut-napishtim who took pity on him and shared with him the secret of a tree that will prolong human life. Again this is a common theme.
The Hebrews have a Tree of Life and a Tree of Knowledge in Eden, African religions talk of a Cosmic Tree, The Norse have Yggdrasil the Cosmic Tree, etc. Interestingly, Adam and Eve were banished from Eden after eating from the Tree of Knowledge and most probably so that they could not eat from the Tree of Life and thus become like the Gods and live forever.
The Egyptian Divine Child Horus tried to bridge the gap between the Gods and humans to ensure eternal life and so did the Jewish Divine Child Jesus who, similar to Gilgamesh, had to descend to the underworld on his way to heaven. The Norse god Odin hanged himself from Yggdrasil, the Norse cosmic tree, for nine days and had his side pierced by a spear on a similar quest. He was resurrected by means of magic.
The more one studies the legends and myths of the various cultures the more one realizes that these tell the same basic story. There was some Golden Age and then a great catastrophe where the Gods where separated between earth and Heaven. The Earth-bound Gods mated with pre-historic humans, resulting in the sudden appearance of Homo-sapiens 35000 BC, causing scientists to look in vain for the evolutionary missing link between Neanderthal man and Homo sapiens.And then there is the flood common to most cultures throughout the world, caused by the Gods and the preservence of humans, also by the intervention of the Gods.
And then suddenly in 1960 BC everything changed as invaders came from all sides, Akkadians from the North, Amorites from the West and Elamites from the East. The Sumerian Empire fell and Abraham was forced to flee from the Sumerian city of Ur. It is written that this invasion was caused directly by Enlil who was unhappy that his son Marduk took over the Assembly and also because the people built the Tower of Babel (his unhappiness with the tower is not made clear by the texts). The Anunnage Gods simply packed their bags and left, ending the era of the Gods and Goddesses and leaving mankind to its own devices, or did they?
Chronology of Egypt's Elder Culture and the Watcher Culture of Kurdistan